I would ike to inform about Classical Armenian on the web – Romanized

Series Introduction

Todd B. Krause and Jonathan Slocum

Armenian is the state language of just exactly what in current memory was the republic that is smallest associated with the previous Soviet Union, now the southernmost republic of this Commonwealth of Independent States. The language is talked by around four million individuals nevertheless residing inside the boundaries associated with republic. a little number of speakers are now living in north-western Iran, plus some communities dot the countryside of eastern Turkey. Many emigrees have actually spread the language to all the corners associated with globe. The first documentary evidence of this Armenians is a century that is sixth inscription in Behistun by the Persian master Darius we. It ended up being nearly one thousand years, nonetheless, prior to the Armenians by themselves begun to place their language to composing, when in 406 or 407 A.D. a priest MaЕЎtКїocКї (also referred to as Mesrop) developed A armenian alphabet. One additionally discovers mention of the a previous alphabet developed by the Syriac bishop Daniel, purportedly abandoned as it ended up being ill-suited towards the speakers associated with language. The language whose documents date back once again to this period is termed traditional Armenian. Much later on, within the twelfth to centuries that are seventeenth one discovers the legacy of Middle Armenian, whose authors attemptedto emulate the form of the Golden Age of Classical Armenian. Between those two cycles one further differentiates two phases associated with the language that is armenian post-Classical, spanning the sixth and 7th centuries, and Pre-Middle Armenian, through the eighth to twelfth centuries. Following the century that is seventeenth Armenian progressed into a contemporary type which includes divided in to two varieties: West Armenian and East Armenian.

Note: this group of lessons is actually for systems/browsers with Unicode В® support, but fonts lacking characters that are armenian. Classes rendered in alternative character sets can be found via links (Romanized and Unicode 3) within the upper-left margin, and also at the base of these pages.

Note: this group of classes in Armenian uses Romanized letters as opposed to the old-fashioned alphabet that is armenian. Classes rendered in the conventional alphabet may be accessed through the menu item that is armenian.

Origin and Geographical Location

According to Greek tradition that is mythic Armenia had been called after Armenus, certainly one of Jason’s Argonauts. Herodotus, composing into the fifth century B.C., states that the Armenians lived in Thrace then relocated into Phrygia, from where they crossed into the subsequent territory that is armenian. Strabo, composing into the century that is first, states that the Armenians joined the territory from two directions, one team originating from Phrygia when you look at the western, one other originating from Mesopotamia into the southeast. Although by neither account had been they the initial inhabitants associated with the area, Xenophon documents in 400 B.C. which they appear to have consumed all the regional dwellers.

Armenian tradition, recorded between your 5th and eighth centuries A.D., relates the Armenian visitors to the descendants of Noah. Following the Flood, Noah’s family members settled in Armenia before going south to Babylon in successive generations. Certainly one of Noah’s descendants, Haik, returned and revolted to Armenia, pursued by the Babylonian Bel. Haik killed Bel and became ruler associated with land that is armenian and the descendants of Haik later defended Armenia through the forces of Assyria.

Contemporary scholarly views are only as wide-ranging. a typical view is the fact that Armenians had been of Indo-European stock and joined the region either along with all the Phrygians from the Balkan area or with all the Mitanni through the part of the Aral Sea. They encountered the culture that is urartuan a duration of decrease and finally arrived to rule over them as well as other Caucasian teams in the area. Another concept attracts on linguistic similarities amongst the language that is armenian the Caucasian languages associated with the area to state that the Armenians had initially been by themselves a Caucasian tribe which adopted an Indo-European tongue, and this Caucasian substrate is in charge of the truth that Armenian is pretty genetically separated among the list of Indo-European languages. Still another concept is the fact that Armenians would be the many inactive people in the initial speakers of Proto-Indo-European; that the Indo-European languages originated from the transcaucasian area, nevertheless the Armenians, whom decided on to not migrate from the area, had been marginalized during periods of Hittite and Urartuan dominance. Suffice it to state, the real beginning regarding the Armenian individuals will remain shrouded fuckbook hookup in obscurity for a while in the future.

The land that actuallyrmenian is a plateau found approximately 5000 foot above sea level and hemmed in by mountainous regions. It lies roughly southeast of the Ebony Sea and southwest associated with the Caspian Sea. The ancient Armenian homeland was somewhat more expansive compared to the modern Armenian Republic, also including a lot of eastern Turkey, the northeastern part of Iran, and areas of Azerbaijan and Georgia. Into the northeast the Kur River separates the highland area from lowlands which sweep towards the Caspian Sea. The north edge is proceeded because of the Pontus mountain range, which runs west through the way to obtain the Kur and shields Armenia through the Ebony Sea. The Taurus and Zagros hill ranges create a normal boundary operating across the whole southern expanse and cutting Armenia removed from Mesopotamia. The Armenian plateau it self is split by a number of smaller mountain ranges that furnish the sources for several unnavigable streams. The northermost area of the Euphrates was to form the boundary between Greater and Lesser Armenia into the subsequent imperial battles.