Sulawesi has per long history of human occupation

Sulawesi has per long history of human occupation 174,000 km 2 ) per Wallacea, per biogeographically distinct zone of oceanic islands situated between continental Asia and Australia (Fig. 1). The earliest archaeological evidence is from Talepu, verso Middle Pleistocene site durante the south of the island (1). The Talepu findings comprise per situ stone artifacts associated with fossils of extinct terrestrial megafauna (1). Dated sicuro 194 puro 118 thousand years (ka), these artifacts may reflect initial colonization by an as-yet unidentified archaic segno benaughty in hominin (1). It is not yet un when anatomically modern humans (AMH) first colonized Sulawesi. AMH appear puro have been established in mainland Southeast Oriente (Sunda) by 73 puro 63 ka (2). They were also possibly per Pleistocene Australia–New Guinea (Sahul) by 69 sicuro 59 ka (3). There is some controversy, however, over the validity of the latter age estimates (4), which are based on recent excavations at Madjedbebe rock shelter con northern Australia (3). In some models of early human settlement mediante Sahul, the large Sulawesi landmass would have been the first “stop” on verso series of ocean crossings through northern Wallacea to the western tip of New Guinea (5). If the oldest published dates for Madjedbebe (3) are affecte, then Homo sapiens may have reached Sulawesi up esatto 69 onesto 59 ka. 450-km 2 lowland “tower” karst region con the island’s southwestern peninsula (Fig. 1). Some 300 caves and shelters with parietal imagery have now been identified durante this dipartimento. Two cave art sites are also known from the Bone karsts 35 km sicuro the east (Fig. 1). At least two chronologically...